Sherlock Holmes: The World’s Greatest Detective (Sherlock Holmes Biography)



Transcript Provided by YouTube:

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there have been many brilliant minds who
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have lent their talents the committing
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and the solving of crime but none stands
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as supremely as that of Sherlock Holmes
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with his unequaled powers of reasoning
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deduction and scientific application
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Holmes was able to solve the cases that
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baffled the best of Scotland Yard with
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his tweed suit cloth cap and his black
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clay pipe the world’s greatest sleuth
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has become familiar to a new generation
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through television and movie adaptations
00:27
of his many adventures in this week’s by
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graphics we have dug deep to uncover the
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private world of the notoriously
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secretive mr. Holmes Sherlock Holmes may
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well have been the greatest detective
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living or dead to investigate the
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criminal minds but he was an extremely
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private genius as a result of the study
00:53
of his early years is an exercise in
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frustration for biographers on one of
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the few occasions that he did open up
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about his family origins he mentioned to
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his ever loyal sidekick James Watson
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that his ancestors were country Squires
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who appear to have led much the same
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life as his natural to people of their
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class he also revealed that his
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grandmother was the sister of MLG Norris
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Vernay the renowned French artist who
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specialized in military paintings his
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final familial revelation was that he
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had an older brother Mycroft who
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according to Sherlock himself possessed
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even greater powers of deduction than he
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did apart from those few tidbits we are
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left to work out the details of Holmes’s
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early life from circumstantial evidence
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and deduction something of a coincidence
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I might think Holmes was born and raised
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in the county of Sussex on the south
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coast of England the Holmes family seat
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was at slim-fit a few miles from Horsham
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Sherlock’s father gentleman named
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Roderick Holmes was born around 1815
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Roderick was a man’s man who delighted
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in such outdoor pursuits as fox hunting
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trout fishing and pheasant shooting in
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sharp contrast to his two sons he didn’t
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put much credence in book-learning and
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affairs of the mines
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Sherlock’s mother was 13 years younger
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than her husband’s Charlotte hair Croft
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came from language
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origins were French from her mother’s
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the silver neighs she inherited not only
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artistic leanings but a flighty
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self-absorbed personality the marriage
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it was not a happy one with such
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disparate personalities it could be said
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that it was doomed from the start
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their first child was born in 1846 and
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given the name of John Mycroft Holmes
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the name gives us an insight into the
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state of the parents mental processes
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Roderick hated his own name and wanted
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to give his firstborn son a plain
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uncomplicated name but Charlotte had
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quite the opposite view she wanted a
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name that was different striking and
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memorable of course Roderick one that
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Charlotte managed to squeeze her choice
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an amalgam of her possessive nature my
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with the last syllable of her maiden
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name Croft in as a middle name it was
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only because he spends more of his
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formative years around his possessive
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mother that the boy came to be known as
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Mycroft a name which grated on his
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father every time he heard it
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it took Roderick and Charlotte seven
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years to produce another child no
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surprise considering the deteriorating
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state of their union by now Roderick had
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given up entirely on trying to control
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his wife’s artistic or as he saw it
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irrational sight he left an ending up to
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her and she even outdid her creativity
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the first time around she named a second
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son Sherlock the name wasn’t entirely
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her own invention in order to escape
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from the increasing abuse of her
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husband’s who had taken more and more to
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the bottle she began making trips to
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London where she would visit art
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galleries and theatre performances she
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became enamored with a father-and-son
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pair of English artists both who were
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named William Sherlock in the hopes that
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her second would prove to be a great
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artist she gave him the moniker Sherlock
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there was the custom of the day to send
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sons away to boarding school Roderick
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didn’t believe in higher education and
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so the two brothers endured a succession
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of tutors some of whom were good while
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others were terrible even when they did
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have a good teacher the now volatile
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environment caused by the parents
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loathing for one another did not make
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for conductive learning however Mycroft
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and Sherlock educated themselves despite
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their environments it soon became
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apparent that both boys were brilliant
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Sherlock instantly fell in love with
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books later referring to himself as an
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omnivorous reader his brother meanwhile
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was obsessed with numbers even though
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there was a 7-year gap in age the two
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boys were extraordinarily close they
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drew up on each other for mutual support
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and mental stimulation
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Mycroft grew into an overweight child
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who avoided any type of exercise or
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physical exertion instead in his early
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teens he became fascinated with
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electricity and chemistry this soon
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caught the attention of his younger
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brother he began saving his pocket money
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to buy scientific apparatus Sherlock
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escapes the unpleasant environment at
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home by finding interests outside the
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house
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he developed a friendship with man who
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was in charge of his father’s hunting
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house this man named Sherman was a
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taxidermist and Sherlock spent many
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hours watching him at work the boy also
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spent a lot of time and his father’s
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stables where a develops a great equine
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knowledge unlike his brother
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Sherlock enjoyed sports he became a
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talented young boxer winning a number of
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matches against local boys Roderick
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during his sober periods tried his best
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to turn the boys into country Squires
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though they both became possible shots
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with fouling thisis neither of them had
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any stomach for fox hunting furthermore
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Mycroft was a poor horse rider one
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consolation for Roderick though was that
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they both took to fishing what they
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really relished was the quiet
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contemplative nature of the activity
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which provided plenty of time for
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planning overall however Roderick was
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disappointed in how his sons were
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turning out I’m surprisingly then he
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very rarely showed them any affection
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preferring to cast aspirations on their
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manhood and their physical prowess is
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like a physical display was more than
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compensated for by Charlotte who would
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shower the boys with hugs and kisses at
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every opportunity
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this only served to further strengthen
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Roderick’s conviction that he had raised
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a couple of sissies when her sons were
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old enough
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took them to London where she introduced
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them to concerts and opera and guided
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them through the picture galleries of
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the metropolis the brothers found her
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chatter tiresome and her behavior
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sometimes embarrassing but they were
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grateful to get away from their father
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as a result of these London visits
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Sherlock developed a strong love of
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music this inspired Charlotte to hire
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violin teacher for the boy but the
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lessons they didn’t last long
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when Roderick found out about it he put
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an immediate stop to the lessons Mycroft
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and Sherlock also didn’t spend a lot of
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time with other boys in the community
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they found not to be up to their
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intellectual level and so spent most of
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their time together however they did
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make one great friends and that would be
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Charles Edward Howard Vincent’s Charles
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was the son of Sir Frederick Vincent’s
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rector of the parish of slim-fit this
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boy was just as brilliant as the Holmes
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boys he was sent off to boarding school
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his aged 12 spends most of his time
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during the school vacations in the
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company of Mycroft and Sherlock Charles
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Howard Vincent went on to forge a
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distinguished multifaceted career which
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fills two pages in Britain’s Dictionary
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of National Biography Roderick refused
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to send his oldest son to university
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when Mycroft reached the age of 20 but
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by now the older brother had enough of
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his father’s abusive ways and he moved
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to London where he secured a position as
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an assistant to a member of parliament
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when his brother moved away Sherlock was
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13 years of age he spent an unhappy few
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years as a loner in the land happy
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household
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his only bright spots being the regular
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letters that he received from his
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brother in London unsurprisingly at age
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18 Sherlock convinced his father to send
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him to Cambridge University during his
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first semester he was invited by a
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fellow students by the name of Victor
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Trevor to spend the vacation with him
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that his family’s estate in Norfolk not
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games he returned to his feuding parents
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he gladly accepted the invitation
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following this visit Sherlock did not
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return home for future holidays that
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took rooms in London where he buried
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himself in chemical research he had his
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mind set on becoming a chemical analyst
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while the University Holmes played no
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part in team sports which would have
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required cooperation with others instead
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he focused on boxing the only friends he
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had at college was Victor Trevor just as
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the only friends he had as an adult was
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dr. Watson
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in the autumn of 1874 Sherlock began his
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third year of study at Cambridge but he
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left before the year was out with no
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degree the details have never been
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revealed but it is clear that some sort
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of trauma afflicted both sherlock and
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mycroft during these months and left
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psychological wounds on both of them
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biographers have speculated that the
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situation may have involved members of
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the opposite sex dr. Watson later sheds
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some light on the Holmes mindset his
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aversion to women and his disinclination
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to form new friendships were both
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typical of his unemotional character but
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not more so than his complete
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suppression of every reference to his
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own people Holmes himself once said I am
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NOT a whole sould admirer of womankind
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women are never to be entirely trusted
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not the best of them
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despite this Holmes was always courteous
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and considerate to women his hostility
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to the other sex was confined to the
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areas of love and marriage
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so whatever the precise nature of this
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emotional blow it resulted in Sherlock
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being a lifelong user of narcotics this
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addiction was in sharp contrast to his
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temperance and otherwise clean mode of
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living at the time the use of narcotics
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in Britain was legal
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still the habit was alarming to dr.
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Watson who on more than one occasion
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tried to reason with the great detective
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that it was a mind destroying completely
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wasteful and in vertical practice homes
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usually brushed him off about it over
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the years but with Watson’s help he was
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able to have limited success in shaking
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off the habit whether the tragic events
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was separate to the death of Holmes’s
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parents is not clear those passings
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surely would have been horrific in
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themselves they occurred in the autumn
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of 1874 when Mycroft was in London and
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Sherlock at Cambridge on hearing the
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news both boys returned immediately to
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Sussex their father had been killed by a
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pistol shot of the head while their
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mother had been strangled the police
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immediately ruled out murder-suicide but
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Mycroft and Sherlock knew better
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they lonely and depressed Charlotte had
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found release in the arms of another man
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on discovering the affair
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Roderick had strangled his wife in a
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frenzy and then staggered to the stables
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where he had turned the pistol on
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himself the two sons deduced all of this
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from a careful examination of the scene
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coupled with their insider knowledge of
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the state of their parents marriage the
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man who had been the subject of
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Charlotte’s affection and therefore the
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indirect
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the tragedy was a man of privilege by
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the name of law a plankton he discreetly
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left the area after the deaths but his
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actions left a deep-seated resentment of
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titles men in the heart of Sherlock his
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family tragedy his Holmes at the age of
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20 they left him with a deep-seated
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bitterness against his mother apart from
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his brother she was the only person who
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had ever shown him love and affection
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and from all of this what he decided he
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needed was a complete change of scenery
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from earliest boyhood Sherlock had been
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fascinated with the American West he
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wanted to travel to America and pay his
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way for some time so Mycroft advanced
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him some money from his father’s estate
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he left for the New World in early 1875
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when he arrived in New York he became
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fascinated by the theater scene in
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Manhattan it provided the escape that he
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needed in fact he loved the scene so
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much that he drifted into a theatrical
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troupe in the autumn of 1875 because
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Victorian society in America as well as
11:22
in England considered acting at less
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than reputable occupation Holmes chose
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not to tarnish his family name by
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calling himself mr. Sherlock
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after a brief run in in Manhattan the
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troupe went on tour lands that took them
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as far as Chicago though his career on
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the American stage lasted for less than
11:37
a year Holmes found the work absorbing
11:39
and soon became adept at the
11:40
professional skills of makeup in
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disguise
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this ability benefited him greatly in
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later cases where he recreated himself
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into everything from an Italian priest
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to an old woman
11:54
to obtain realistic details for the
11:56
working class and criminal roles he
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played on stage Homs ventured into
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dangerous neighborhoods in New York and
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other cities that is true visitors this
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often proved hazardous requiring the
12:06
cooperation of the local police these
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excursions also gave Homs contacts and
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information that he was able to draw on
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during his later professional career as
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he followed police investigations in the
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cities he was touring he began to
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realize the practical value of the
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scientific knowledge he had games from
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his boyhood experiments and his
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Cambridge education blood stains poisons
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mud caked on shoes liquid left in
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glasses his scientific way of looking at
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such clues revealed forensic evidence
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which he was able to pass on to the
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police for the first time he began to
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seriously consider taking up detective
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work professionally he imagined himself
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something entirely new to the Victorian
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era a scientific detective this motive
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was to power him through the rest of his
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life after 18 months of travelling
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around the United States
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Holmes decided it was time to return to
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the country of his birth on return to
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London he found lodging just around the
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corner from British Museum he began
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running errands for private detectives
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carrying out such distasteful duties as
13:00
gathering evidence for divorce cases but
13:03
all the while he was picking up the
13:04
basics of detective work to further this
13:07
work he revived his study of science
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with a focus on chemistry botany and
13:11
Anatomy after a year or so Holmes was
13:18
ready to branch off and start his own
13:20
detective agency his first cases were
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domestic and routine revolving around –
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civil disputes he worked hard to
13:26
cultivate his relationship with the
13:27
police passing on information that would
13:29
help them crack a case in return the
13:31
police passed clients on to him the year
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1888 was a fortunate one for Sherlock
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Holmes a scandal had left the London
13:38
police in a situation than they were
13:40
open to the up-and-coming detective the
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case which has become known as the
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Musgrave ritual was his first
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high-profile case establishing his
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superior powers of deduction and Foresta
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investigation to a fascinated public the
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case got underway when Holmes was called
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by a university acquaintance Reginald
13:57
Musgrave two of Musgraves domestic staff
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had disappeared following their
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dismissal for reading a secret family
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documents called the Musgrave ritual
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Holmes not only solved the case but
14:07
uncovered
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crown of King Charles the first which
14:09
had been missing for 200 years as a
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result of the fame garnered from the
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Musgrave ritual Holmes was invited to
14:15
give a series of lectures to instruct
14:17
the newly formed Criminal Investigation
14:20
Department or CID the brilliant 24 year
14:23
old now found himself enlightening
14:24
hard-bitten career cops on Anatomy
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chemistry and botany he also at this
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point you enough about geology to
14:31
identify soil on clothing and shoes more
14:37
and more detectives now got into the
14:39
habit of consulting with Holmes when
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they reached an impasse in their
14:42
investigations even though they hated to
14:44
admit it
14:45
the young PI would invariably provide
14:47
them with the breakthrough that they
14:49
needed in order to crack a case in 1881
14:51
Holmes began lodging with the man who
14:53
would become inextricably tied to
14:55
himself dr. John Watson the address was
14:58
2 to 1 B Baker Street
14:59
Watson was a young medic who had just
15:01
returned from Afghanistan and was
15:03
looking for a cheap place to live on the
15:04
first meeting Watson was fascinated that
15:06
Holmes deduced that he had recently been
15:08
in Afghanistan without him having
15:10
proffered that information from that
15:11
moment on Watson was hooked his part
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Holmes seemed delighted to share his
15:16
home with the affable dr. Watson the two
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men would go on to form a partnership
15:19
that has been unequaled in the annals of
15:21
Criminal Investigation as Holmes his
15:23
reputation grew he attracted more and
15:25
more affluent clients and was able to
15:27
charge higher fees these – subsidised
15:29
others in which he helps people who
15:31
could only pay a small fee or no fee at
15:33
all he once said that the status of my
15:35
client is of less interest to me than
15:37
the interest of his case what he was
15:40
after were cases that challenged him
15:46
his greatest challenge came in his
15:47
ongoing hunt for London’s master
15:49
criminal Professor Moriarty in order to
15:51
avoid Moriarty’s criminal organisation
15:54
Holmes was forced to flee Europe in late
15:56
1891 but the criminal mastermind pursued
15:59
the great detective and a climactic
16:00
struggle occurred top theory can mark
16:02
falls in Switzerland it appears that
16:04
both men fall to their death and the
16:06
funeral is held for the world’s greatest
16:08
detective however Holmes’s body was
16:10
never recovered
16:11
and indeed he was not dead for three
16:13
years though he allowed the world
16:15
including dr. Watson to believe that he
16:17
was dead this period is known by
16:19
biographers as the Krait hiatus in 1894
16:23
he was suddenly back on the scene
16:25
explaining to a bewildered dr. Watson
16:27
that he had faked his death to get
16:28
Moriarty his henchmen off his back 10
16:35
years later Holmes retired to a small
16:36
farm in Sussex Downs where he took up
16:38
beekeeping in 1908 he came out of
16:41
retirement in order to aid his
16:42
government’s working as a double agents
16:44
he masterminded the capture of a German
16:46
spy
16:46
it is believed he kept busy with
16:48
intelligence work during the First World
16:50
War there is no record of Holmes’s
16:51
activities after the war so when did
16:54
Sherlock Holmes die the answer is
16:56
obvious just consider the plethora of TV
16:58
shows movies and books on the man and he
17:00
will surely agree that Sherlock Holmes
17:02
had never died just as he had never
17:05
lived Sherlock Holmes he’s a complete
17:07
work of fiction the creation of a writer
17:08
by the name of Arthur Conan Doyle but if
17:11
you’ve spent the last 20 minutes
17:12
believing that you were learning the
17:13
history of a real-life human being
17:15
you’re certainly not alone in a recent
17:17
poll 21 percent of respondents thought
17:19
that the great sleuth of Baker Street
17:21
really did exist which just goes to show
17:24
that sometimes fiction is stranger than
17:26
truth lands you might notice that this
17:29
video was published on April the 1st
17:30
happy April Fool’s to everybody so I
17:33
really hope you enjoyed that episode of
17:35
biographic if you did there’s a couple
17:37
of things you could do right now one is
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