George W. Bush Biography: A Controversial Presidency



Transcript Provided by YouTube:

00:00
I’d like to start today’s video with a
00:01
question will history rate george w bush
00:04
as the worst president ever at least
00:07
half of americans thought so a decade
00:08
ago during his presidency his approval
00:11
ratings absolutely soared after the
00:13
worst terrorist attack ever on American
00:15
soil
00:16
then they bottoms out near the end of
00:18
his term as the conflict in the Middle
00:19
East trudged on a president’s son with
00:22
all of the privilege in the world he was
00:24
a party boy in his youth and he was
00:26
never expected to go into politics so
00:28
what made him follow in his father’s
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footsteps and well what is he up to
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today so in the video today we’re gonna
00:33
dive into the life of America’s 43rd
00:36
president george w bush
00:47
[Music]
00:55
George Walker Bush was the first of six
00:58
children born to George HW Bush and
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Barbara Pierce Bush on July the 6th 1946
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in New Haven Connecticut the Bush family
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they were well off theirs was a
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prominent northeastern banking family
01:10
and later a political dynasty at the
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time of Bush’s birth his father George
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senior was an undergraduate students at
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Yale University immediately after
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graduating in 1948 George senior broke
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with family tradition and moved his
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young family to the boom towns of West
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Texas to try his luck in oil but at
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their first apartment in Odessa the
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bushes had to share a bathroom with
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neighboring prostitutes in 1950 though
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the family settled in Midland Texas once
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referred to as the headquarters of the
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independent oilman at the time 215 oil
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companies had offices there Bush Senior
01:45
would eventually earn a fortune in the
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oil business making millions by the time
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he was only 40 years old the first
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family home in Midland was in a
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development nicknamed Easter egg row for
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its tiny colorful houses as the Bush
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family grew however they needed more
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space so they moved to a larger home on
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a high o Avenue in 1951 George II as he
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was often called was only five years old
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at the time
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today Bush’s childhood home is listed on
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the National Register of Historic Places
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and is open to the public
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six days a week Bush II enjoyed an
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idyllic baby boomer childhood growing up
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in West Texas the neighborhood it was
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safe it was full of young families he
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played baseball idolizing the great
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Willie Mays and developed friendships
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that remained throughout his entire life
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the Sam Houston elementary school was
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not far from his house in 1953 though
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tragedy struck the Bush family when
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three year old Pauline Robin was
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diagnosed with a strange disease near
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the Barbara roared George senior had
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heard of before and that disease was
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leukemia despite their best efforts
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taking her far from home for treatment
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in New York sloan-kettering cancer
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center Robin died just seven months
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after her diagnosis George jr. was seven
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and had not known his sister’s grave
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condition after her death his parents
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picked him up from school in the big
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green Oldsmobile he recalled years later
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being positive that he saw his sister in
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the backseat upon seeing her he was
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excited and he ran up to the car to see
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her when his parents broke the news he
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understood that she was gone and it
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changed their lives forever
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some say the loss of Robin was the
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impetus for the deep mother-son bond the
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George Jr and Barb reformed they both
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spent a great deal of time together
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after her death eventually the Bush
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family added three more children to the
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clan including Neil in 1955 Marvin in
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1956 and another daughter Dorothy in
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1959 that same year with George seniors
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success in the oil business the bushes
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relocated to Houston in 1960 the 14 year
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old Bush was sent away to attends the
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exclusive all-boys boarding school
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Phillips Academy in Andover
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Massachusetts yeah he lived in the
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shadow of his more successful and
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luminous father for a fun-loving Texan
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Phillips it was a drastic change the
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curriculum was rigorous the environments
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was ultra structured and it was cold
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bush
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it was pretty envious of his buddies
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back home they were able to do things
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like take their girlfriends out on a
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Friday night date so with no social life
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to speak of Bush he played sports
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instead now academics they did not come
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easily for Bush he received a zero on
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his first written assignment and I
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wanting to fail Bush spent many nights
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Phillips Academy after curfew
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studying by the light that seeped under
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his door he developed a love of American
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history during his high school years and
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said later that he would bloom where he
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was planted in his a dull life Bush
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acknowledged receiving a first-rate
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education of Phillips in 1964 when it
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was time to go off to college Bush chose
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his father’s and his grandfather’s alma
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mater Yale University during his
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freshman year his father decided to run
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for Texas Senate and called upon his son
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for help
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Bush jr. worked on the campaign doing
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what he could from Connecticut the elder
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Bush well he lost the campaign but it
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did prove to be a valuable first time
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learning experience for George Jr while
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at Yale Bush had a bit of a reputation
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for being a goodtime sky he excelled
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socially like he always has and he
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struggled with his studies he was
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students he also wanted to play baseball
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but quickly found out that rugby
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actually suited him better he paid the
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position of fullback in his first year
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Bush joins the fraternity Delta Kappa
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Epsilon or DKE
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and eventually he became its president
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it was in his junior year that he was
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tapped for introduction into Yale’s
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premier secret society skull and bones
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he was the third Bush together with his
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father and his grandfather to be
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indicted
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now conspiracy theories have attempted
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to link this secret group to the CIA the
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Illuminati even the Nazis and even to
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this day Bush himself he remains
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tight-lipped about his involvement as a
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Bonesmen either way Bush graduated with
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a Bachelor of Arts degree from Yale in
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1968 this was the very same year the
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Martin Luther King jr. and JFK were
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assassinated and the war in Vietnam was
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raging in May of 1968 Bush was
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commissioned into the Texas Air National
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Guard after two years of training an
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active duty service he was assigned to
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Houston flying convair f-102 s with the
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147th reconnaissance wing out of the
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Ellington field joint reserve base now
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during his presidential campaign in 2004
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critics of Bush included Democratic
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National Committee Chairman Terry
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McAuliffe accused him of receiving
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preferential treatment while in the
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service and of being absent without
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leave
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AWOL from 1972 to 1973 following the
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controversy the Department of Defense
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released all records related to Bush’s
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Texas Air National Guard service in June
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of 2005 according to his released
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records Bush never flew in the Air
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National Guard off to April of 1972 his
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pilot’s license had been revoked for
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failure to undergo the mandatory
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physical examination in 1972 Bush was
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living in Montgomery Alabama and working
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on the US Senate campaign of Republican
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Wynton M Blount while in Alabama he
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drilled with the 187th Fighter Wing of
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the Air National Guard Bush was
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honorably discharged on November the
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21st 1974 now in 1973 Bush entered
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Harvard Business School and graduated
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with an MBA in 1975 then soon after in
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1977 he began
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his industry career in Texas oil
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establishing our busto energy with a
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number of other private investors
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operations began the following year in
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1978
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now Bush was not as successful in the
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oil business and his father and he sold
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our busto in 1984 to spectrum 7 another
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Texas gas exploration firm he remains
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the CEO of this business under the terms
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of the sale in 1986 spectrum 7th merged
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with harken Energy Corporation where
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Bush held a seat on the board of
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directors and retains an annual
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consulting contract then sometime later
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in 1988 which was working on his
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father’s bid to become the next
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president of the United States it was at
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this point that he learned his father’s
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friend and fellow oilman Eddie Giles was
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selling the Texas Rangers baseball
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franchise not wanting to see this
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opportunity slip by Bush organized a
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syndicate to purchase a controlling
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interest in the team at a reported 89
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million dollars Bush became the general
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manager of this team even though his
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initial investment was only half a
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million dollars
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indeed Bush even took out a loan to pay
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for his share it was in 1990 the bush
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sold his Harkins stock to pay the
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balance of the loan off that had taken
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out to purchase the Rangers two months
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after the sale however Harkin released
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its quarterly numbers showing a larger
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than expected loss unsurprisingly
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insider trading allegations erupted and
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the sale of Bush’s stock was
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investigated by the US Securities and
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Exchange Commission who ultimately found
08:53
no wrongdoing
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[Music]
09:03
in 1977 Bush was invited to barbecue at
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his friend’s house in Texas the only
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other guest was a woman Bush had never
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met even though she was from Midland too
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Bush was enamored with the beautiful
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teacher and librarian Laura Lane Welch
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and the two fell in love almost
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instantly
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it was a short whirlwind romance before
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they were Wed three months later on
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November the 5th 1977 the couple settled
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in Midland and in 1981 the couple had
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fraternal twin daughters Jenna and
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Barbara Bush credits his wife Laura with
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bringing his own life into order as a
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young man he was aimless with periods of
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unemployment he drank too much and he
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really enjoyed going out at I mean he
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refers to you as his nomadic period one
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embarrassing episode came back to haunt
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him years later on the campaign trail in
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2000 at the age of 30 while on vacation
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in Maine at the family’s summer
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residence he was arrested for drunk
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driving Bush kept the matter private
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until the story broke in the news media
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when asked about it he responded I
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oftentimes said that years ago I made
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some mistakes I occasionally drank too
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much and ideas on that night I regret
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that it happens but it did I’ve learned
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my lesson so after his marriage to Laura
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Bush he joins the United Methodist
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Church and became a born-again Christian
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the day after is 40th birthday on July
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the 6th 1986 Bush gave up drinking
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alcohol for good
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[Music]
10:32
Bush decided to run for the governor of
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Texas as a Republican after his father
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failed to win the presidential
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re-election in 1992 as manager for the
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Texas Rangers Bush had earned a
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reputation as a savvy businessman and he
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was well-liked in his home state his
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campaign against the Democrat Ann
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Richards focused on welfare and tort
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reform reducing crime and improving
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education the richards camp was sure the
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bush would make a gaffe or lose his
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temper on the campaign trail but he
11:00
never did it was a close race and it was
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a contentious one Bush eventually won
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the election with 53 percent of the vote
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and was sworn in as the 46th governor of
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Texas in 1995 he became the first child
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of a u.s. president to be elected as a
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state governor in 1998 he was re-elected
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with 69 percent of the vote and became
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the first governor in Texas history to
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be elected to serve two consecutive
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four-year terms as governor Bush was
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left with a budget surplus which he used
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to push a two billion dollar tax cut
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plan to reduce property taxes and
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increase funding for education reform
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the tax cut was the largest in Texas
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history and to pay for it he sought the
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federal government’s approval to
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privatize social services two other
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notable pieces of legislation he signed
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into law included the lowering of the
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age of which juveniles could be tried as
11:48
adults in criminal cases and a
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requirement of electric retailers to buy
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a portion of energy from renewable
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sources
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eventually Texas became the largest
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producer of wind powered electricity in
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the United States in his second term
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Bush promoted faith-based organizations
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and proclaimed June the 10th 2000 Jesus
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Day in Texas this was a day in which he
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urged all Texans do answer the call to
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serve those in need now a criticism of
12:12
his time in office was the fact that
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under his leadership Texas executed 152
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prisoners at the time it was more than
12:21
any other Texas governor
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but overall Bush had a reputation for
12:24
working well across the aisle in a
12:26
non-confrontational way and they sent
12:28
him a great deal of respect throughout
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his first term and after his successful
12:32
and easy reelection many were
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speculating whether Bush would make a
12:36
bid for the White House
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[Music]
12:47
On June the 14th of 1999 Bush formally
12:50
announced his candidacy for the
12:51
Republican presidential nomination he
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stated I’m running because our country
12:55
must be prosperous but prosperity must
12:58
have a purpose the purpose of Prosperity
13:00
is to make sure the American Dream
13:02
touches every willing heart the purpose
13:04
of Prosperity is to leave no one out to
13:07
leave no one behind
13:08
I’m running because my party must match
13:10
a conservative minds with a
13:12
compassionate heart and I’m running to
13:15
win during the early part of the 2000
13:18
presidential campaign Bush enjoyed a
13:20
double-digit lead in the polls over his
13:22
opponent Vice President Al Gore jr. as
13:24
the election approached the gap narrowed
13:26
and Gore beat out bush in the popular
13:28
vote by 540 3895 votes with the deciding
13:32
votes hanging on Florida the race was
13:35
determined to be too close to call by
13:36
major news networks after first
13:38
proclaiming Gore the winner the margin
13:40
was so close that it spurred a recount
13:42
in some counties as lawsuits made their
13:45
way through the courts the final
13:46
election count was Bush with 271 and
13:49
Gore with 266 to this day only 5
13:54
presidents have lost the popular vote
13:55
and won the election Bush was sworn in
13:58
as America’s 43rd president On January
14:00
the 20th 2001 for the second time in
14:02
history they son of a former president
14:04
had made it to the White House the first
14:06
by the way that was John Quincy Adams he
14:08
was elected in 1824 his father was John
14:11
Adams the second president ever Bush’s
14:13
new administration it was focused on
14:15
compassionate conservatism this embraced
14:18
excellence in education tax relief and
14:20
volunteerism among faith-based and
14:22
community organizations it wasn’t long
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before his focus drastically shifted as
14:27
he was faced with the greatest challenge
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of any presidents since Abraham Lincoln
14:31
on the morning of September the 11th
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2001 19 men trained by Al Qaeda carried
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out a coordinated attack on the United
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States hijacking for large passenger
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airplanes with the intention of crashing
14:44
them into major landmarks three of the
14:46
four planes hit their targets the north
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and south towers the Twin Towers of the
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World Trade Center and the
14:51
Pentagon in Arlington Virginia the
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fourth plane crashed into a field in
14:54
rural Pennsylvania in a single day these
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deliberate acts of mass murder kills
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nearly 3,000 people 400 of which were
15:03
first responders as these attacks were
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happening President Bush sat in a
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classroom at the Emory Booker Elementary
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School in Sarasota County Florida with
15:10
children he was reading the pet goat
15:13
White House chief of staff Andrew card
15:14
whispered in his ear informing him the
15:17
second plane hit the World Trade Center
15:18
what President Bush did next was
15:20
possibly one of the most controversial
15:22
decisions of his presidency he stayed in
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the classroom for seven more minutes
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following along with the students
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reading before excusing himself he was
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brief since gave a short press
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conference while at the school before
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being taken to a secure location in
15:35
order to board Air Force One Michael
15:37
Moore in his film Fahrenheit 9/11 was
15:39
highly critical of Bush’s seven minutes
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of inaction in the classroom Moore
15:43
claims that it indicated the bush was
15:45
indecisive on the other hand his
15:47
defenders made the case for keeping the
15:49
children calm saying that it was Bush’s
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most important duty at the time from the
15:53
White House on the evening of 9/11 he
15:55
spoke to Americans with resolve to fight
15:58
terrorism and stand together as a nation
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America and our friends and allies
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joined with all those who want peace and
16:04
security in the world and we stand
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together to win the war against
16:08
terrorism tonight I ask for your prayers
16:09
for all those who grieve for the
16:12
children whose words have been shattered
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for all whose sense of safety and
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security has been threatened and I pray
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they will be comforted by a Power
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greater than any of us spoken through
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the ages in Psalm 23 even though I walk
16:25
through the valley of the shadow of
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death I fear no evil for you are with me
16:29
in response to the terrorist attacks of
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9/11 Bush declared a war on terrorism
16:34
and formed a new cabinet-level
16:36
Department of Homeland Security he sent
16:38
American forces into Afghanistan to
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break up the Taliban an extremist group
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under Osama bin Laden that trained
16:44
financed and exported terrorist teams
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the Taliban was disrupted but bin Laden
16:49
was not found until much later following
16:51
the attacks President Bush also recast
16:53
the nation’s intelligence gathering and
16:55
analysis services and ordered reform of
16:57
military forces in order to meet a new
16:59
enemy at the same time is doing all of
17:01
this he had other political promises to
17:02
keep and delivered
17:03
a major tax cut now Bush’s most
17:05
controversial act was the invasion of
17:07
Iraq on the belief that Iraqi president
17:09
Saddam Hussein posed a grave threat to
17:12
the United States by possessing weapons
17:14
of mass destruction the weapons though
17:15
they were never found
17:17
Saddam was captured that many American
17:19
servicemen and friendly Iraqis lost
17:21
their lives during the conflict in his
17:22
State of the Union address in 2005 Bush
17:25
pledged that the US would help the Iraqi
17:27
people establish a fully democratic
17:30
government bringing hopes of the region
17:32
and lift a threat from the lives of
17:34
future generations Bush he left office
17:36
with an abysmal 33 percent approval
17:38
rating but despite this Bush’s political
17:41
adviser Karl Rove said that Bush has an
17:43
inner confidence that what he did was
17:46
right
17:48
[Music]
17:56
after he left Washington DC Bush and his
17:58
wife Laura returned to Midlands and
18:00
promptly took up residence at the
18:02
Prairie Chapel ranch in Crawford Texas
18:03
then they also bought a house in Dallas
18:06
and became part of the community
18:07
unlike some former presidents Bush seems
18:09
to enjoy the rest and relaxation of
18:11
being out of office he golfs has taken
18:13
up painting attracting national
18:15
attention and attends Texas Rangers
18:17
baseball games
18:18
he’s also heavily involved in the local
18:19
community he occasionally gives speeches
18:22
and was very involved in the George W
18:23
Bush Institute that he established at
18:25
Southern Methodist University he said
18:27
once I think parts of having a
18:29
fulfilling life is to be challenged I’m
18:32
challenged on the golf course I’m
18:33
challenged to stay fit and I’m
18:35
challenged by my paintings I am happy so
18:39
I really hope you enjoyed that episode
18:41
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18:43
couple of things you could do right now
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19:12
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19:14
[Music]
19:26
you
19:28
[Music]


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