Donald Trump Biography: What Happened Before the White House?



Transcript Provided by YouTube:

00:00
he is the most famous person on the
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planet and the most divisive equally
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loved it’s equally abhorred it is
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impossible not to have an opinion about
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the brash Twitter loving 45th President
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of the United States yet few people
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truly understands what makes Trump Trump
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by going back into his past we are able
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to gain valuable insight into the vast
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complexities that make up the man in
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this week’s by graphics we’re looking at
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the Donald before he took up residence
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at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue
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[Music]
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Donald John Trump was born on June the
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14th in 1946 the fourth of five children
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to Fred Trump and Mary McCloud Donald’s
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grandfather also nicknamed Frederick
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migrators in 1885 from Germany he
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brought with him a reputation as one of
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the finest builders of his generation
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Frederick helps to change the face of
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Queens with his building projects they
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primarily consisted of the construction
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of solid though basic brick rental
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apartments Fred followed his father’s
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path and became a prominent residential
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developer by the time Donald was in his
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teen years his father had amassed more
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than 27,000 apartments in such Brooklyn
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suburbs as Flatbush Sheepshead Bay
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Bensonhurst and Brighton Beach he also
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had extensive properties in the Queens
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neighborhoods of Coney Island’s and
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Jamaica estates in addition to his
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residential housing portfolio Fred moved
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in to commercial developments during the
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Depression years of the 30s he built
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Trump markets which was a supermarkets
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built on the concept of serve yourself
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and save with war on the horizon he also
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got into construction on military bases
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Donald’s mother Mary McLeod Trump was of
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Scottish heritage she met Frank in the
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early 1930s as a teenager when they were
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married in 1936 she was just twenty four
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years old they settled into a 23 room
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house in Queens vows was extravagance
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with a colonial style portico frame
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entrance and six imposing white marble
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pillars
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Fred’s two Cadillacs FCT one and FCT two
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were parked in the driveway the Trump’s
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were one of the few families to have an
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intercom system installed in their home
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not to mention a chauffeur and a
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personal Butler mrs. Trump was also a
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philanthropist who became passionately
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involved in a number of causes that were
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close to her heart she was the main
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driving force of the ladies helper of
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Jamaica facility as well as the Jamaica
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day care nursery Mary was also an ardent
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supporter of the National Kidney
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establishments of New York and the group
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mainstreaming partners of incredible
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Neck New York which provided help for
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people who were crippled of all of his
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children young Donald showed the most
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interest in his father’s business
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ventures as a result Fred would
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sometimes take the boy onto construction
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sites with him as he developed his own
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personality Donald gains a bit of a
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reputation as a bully his parents were
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lacks in imposing discipline upon him on
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one occasion the trumps neighbor Martha
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Burnham
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came home to find the four year old
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Donald throwing stones at her son Dennis
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Donald had apparently targeted Dennis as
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an easy mark for his venom
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Martha warned her son to stay away from
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the nasty Trump boy by the time he was 8
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Donald was the leader of a group of
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young thugs who would ride around Queens
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on their bicycles yelling out insults to
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be born and stopping to deal with other
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youngsters who they didn’t like the look
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off he was known for saying whatever he
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wanted and acting impulsively fred’s
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enrolled Donald’s at a private education
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facility in Forest Hills called Q Forest
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School Fred happens to be on the board
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of trustees for that school this fact
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seems to have emboldened Donald’s in his
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wayward behaviors taking the lead
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amongst a bunch of boys who were
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constant troublemakers he would pull
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girl’s hair purposely bump into other
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students desks and talk out of turn in
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class
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Donald’s grades they were mediocre at
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best this was mainly due though to lack
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of application rather than lack of
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ability a situation that greatly
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frustrated his teachers however on the
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playgrounds and the sports fields he
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displayed considerable ability his
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favorite gym game was dodgeball he
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displayed great dexterity and avoiding
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balls that were thrown at him and he was
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often the last man standing outdoors he
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excelled at baseball he was a talented
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player and a fierce competitor as a
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sixth grader his batting power was
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exceptional when he came up to batter
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the defending side would have to extend
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its fielders way out in order to handle
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his daunting right arm swing one morning
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when he was 12 years old Donald and his
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friend Peter Brandt jumped on the train
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to Manhattan such an excursion had not
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been authorized by Donald’s parents
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getting off at Fifth Avenue and 53rd
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they spent the day strolling through
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Central Park
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buying curiosity is at novelty stores
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and wandering among the homeless one of
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the items that Donald purchased was a
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switchblade knife it was months later
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that Fred discovered the knife and the
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story of Donald’s unauthorized trip to
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the city was uncovered Fred he was
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outraged he finally came to the
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realization that Donald was out of
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control and that something had to be
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done
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Fred decided that his fourth son was in
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dire need of some external discipline he
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enrolled Donald at the Rosia military
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boarding school about 70 miles away
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there would be no more comfortable
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living in the mansion and swirling
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around the neighborhood Donald in
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implementing this new strategy Fred
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acted quickly not even giving his son
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time to say
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his fat wells
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life was indeed vastly different at the
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military school the boys were required
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to wear a uniform that consisted of a
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thick fleece pullover and pants an alarm
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woke them up early in the morning and
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their entire day was regulated by the
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clock Donald’s life was now completely
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controlled by Theodore Tobias the
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hands-on school administrator tobias was
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a no-nonsense World War two veteran who
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demanded excellence from his new
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recruits
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he knew that many of the boys that were
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sent to him with their to be toughen up
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and to have discipline imposed upon them
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and he took that responsibility very
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seriously as you might imagine all of
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this was a pretty serious shot for
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Donald his initial reaction was
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resentments and a natural tendency to
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buck the system he soon racked up a
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number of charges including not making
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his bed and not properly cleaning the
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sink yes administrator Tobias saw
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something else in the young Trump the
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boy was incredibly driven and always had
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a desire to be number one realizing the
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bucking the system was only going to get
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him in deeper trouble
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Donald’s began trying to follow the
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rules the biggest improvement was with
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regard to his personal orderliness here
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on awards for the cleanliness of his
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personal area indeed his orderliness
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bordered on the obsessive winning him
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the nickname mr. fastidious Donald’s
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loudmouth bluster quietened down as
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discipline was injected into his system
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he became soft-spoken and had an air of
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self-confidence he developed friendships
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despite often being regarded as a bit
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cocky and bragging too much about his
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father’s wealth then during a senior
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year donald was made a company captain
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this put him in a position of oversight
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over younger boys he inspected their
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personal space and was responsible for
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generally keeping them in order his
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reputation was such that he very rarely
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had to raise his voice at his charges a
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simple step sometimes accompanied by a
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raised eyebrow was enough to impart his
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displeasure in his position as company
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captain Trump proved himself to be an
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effective delegator this develops to the
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extent that he would give the job of
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inspection of the boys under his
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commands to others while he retired to
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his room to recline on his bed this
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practice soon came to the attention of
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administrator Tobias who was less than
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impressed
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he removed Trump from his role as
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company captain and gave him a school
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administrative position instead Donald’s
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then went on to frame this as a
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promotion for his stellar job in his pre
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yes roll so following his graduation
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from Rozier at the age of 18 he enrolled
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at Fordham University in the Bronx
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to study real estate he was determined
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to follow in his father’s footsteps and
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enter the world of real estate
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development of course he was going to do
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it bigger and better than his old man
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and to do that he figured he needed a
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real estate degree in 1966 after two
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years at Fordham Donald transferred to
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the University of water business college
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here he was out of place while coming
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from a background of money he didn’t
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have the Ivy League breeding of those he
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rubbed shoulders with he was rough and
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obtuse and soon proved himself to be the
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proverbial round hole in a landscape of
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square pegs on his first day the
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lecturer asked why every student there
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had decided to study real estate when it
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came to his turn
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Donald stood up and declared that he was
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going to become the king of New York
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City when it came to the real estate
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business
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drum graduated from Wharton in 1968
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returning to New York with a degree in
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real estate at this time he was eligible
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for the draft to serve his country in
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Vietnam
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however a September 1968 physical exam
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resulted in a medical suspension due to
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bone goads in his heels setting himself
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up in an apartment in Queens Trump began
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working for his father in early 1969
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from very start he felt a deep-seated
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need to prove to his father that he was
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a supremely talented real estate man the
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Trump way of doing business was called
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into question in 1973 when a handful of
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tenants took up a class-action lawsuit
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against the company
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claiming racial discrimination in
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violation of the Fair Housing Act the
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case was impossible to prove however and
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the Trump Organization paid a small
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settlement without any admission of
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guilt around this same time Donald was
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promoted to president of the company and
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his first act was to rename the company
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the former Elizabeth Trump and son
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became the Trump Organization one of his
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next moves was to hire aggressive
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attorney Roy Cohn Cohen had a reputation
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as a bulldog lawyer if anyone dared to
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file a suit against those who he worked
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for he would go out and destroy them
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in 1975 Donald met Ivana Maria zalnitch
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Kivar she was a beautiful sports skier
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who hailed from Czechoslovakia a
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remnants soon blossomed and after a
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two-year courtship the couple were
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married over the next five years Ivana
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was given management responsibilities in
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a number of business ventures she also
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bought from three children Donald Jr
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Ivanka and Eric
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the vast majority of Fred Trump’s
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business was centered on middle-income
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housing in Brooklyn Queens and Staten
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Island – Donald’s this was small-time he
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wanted to break into the large-scale
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commercial real estate in the heart of
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the Big Apple he set his sights on a
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project in Manhattan his target was the
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Commodore hotel the Commodore was a
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derelict mm room white elephants on 42nd
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Street Trump intended to completely
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remodel this into an upmarket Hyatt
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Hotel the Hyatt Empire was run by the
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Pritzker family despite having presences
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all over the states they had no
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representation in New York but the area
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surrounding the Commodore was extremely
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seedy in the Pritzker’s were in need of
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some serious convincing for Donald
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however the seedy environment and the
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decrepit state of the hotel meant that
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he would be able to pick up the property
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at a steal of a price to make the
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purchase however he would need to borrow
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a lot of money the finance was secured
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by bank loans that were underwritten by
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both Fred Trump and the Hyatt
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organization
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Donald also managed to secure a 40-year
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tax exemption on the building the
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renovation of the Commodore and its
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metamorphosis into the Grand Hyatt Hotel
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proved to be a great success with Trump
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winning accolades from the city fathers
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along with an award for the tasteful and
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creative recycling of a distinguished
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Hotel the grand hyatt project coupled
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with the reflected reputation of his
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father established Donald as a
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legitimate player in the New York
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commercial real estate market
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shortly after the completion of the
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Hyatt Project Trump began negotiations
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to develop a 58 storey building on Fifth
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Avenue adjacent to famous New York
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landmark Tiffany & Company this 200
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million dollar development was to be
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Trump’s masterpiece it would feature a
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six story atrium that was lined with
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pink marble and an 80-foot waterfall the
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penthouse was to be Donald’s personal
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living quarters with his officers just
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below the first couple of floors would
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then feature some of the world’s most
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famous retailers the building opens in
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1983 and was named Trump Tower it’s
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opening received international attention
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and was attended by a number of
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celebrities at the same time that Donald
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was working on Trump Tower a local New
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York builder was attempting to repair
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derelict Woolman skate rink after two
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and a half months the work had
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stalemated there was a lot of public
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dissatisfaction that the ring was not
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reopened on time then Donald interjected
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himself into the whole affair when he
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wrote a letter to the mayor stating that
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he could supercharge the project and
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bring it in well under budget the mayor
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responded by calling his bluff Donald
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went straight to a concrete her that he
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had a working relationship with he
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convinced them to take the Wollman Rink
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project on for free with the guarantee
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that the publicity it would bring would
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far outweigh the costs involved the
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project went ahead on that basis and was
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completed under time and under budget by
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three-quarters of a million dollars the
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publicity and public appreciation that
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the Wolman ring project brought in was
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huge but it was all directed toward
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Donald Trump the contractor who had done
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the heavy work without payments barely
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even got a mention
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[Music]
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the early 1980s saw Trump moving into
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the gambling business he acquired all of
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the necessary licenses and then
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purchased a property in Atlantic City to
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do this project he partnered with the
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holiday in cooperation the parent
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company of Harrah’s casinos in 1984 the
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facility opened as Harrah’s at Trump
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Plaza the casino was a great success
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wetting Trump’s appetite for more he
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actively sought our casinos that had
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failed gambling licenses finding one in
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the form of the Atlantic City Hilton
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hotels casino he acquired the property
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spending 310 million dollars on the
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purchase and upgrade it later reopened
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as Trump Castle always wanting to go one
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better Trump took over developments of
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the largest casino in the world at the
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time the Taj Mahal the Trump Taj Mahal
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opened in 1990 however Trump had to go
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into extreme debt in order to open the
13:46
doors revenues would have to average a
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million dollars per day in order to
13:51
cover costs this was simply an
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unheard-of number and the reality was it
13:55
was never going to happen
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Trump indeed had to go through major
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bankruptcy restructuring in order to
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keep the casino going eventually ending
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up with just a 10% ownership stake
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around this same time Trump also
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established Trump’s hotels and Casino
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resort’s which became a publicly traded
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company throughout the 1980s and 1990s
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Trump never let up on his real estate
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developments despite his financial
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problems in 1985 he purchased 76 acres
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of western Manhattan in order to create
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a television city complex then in 1988
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he purchased the Plaza Hotel for 407
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million dollars then 1989 saw his first
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investment in Florida by this time he
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had also acquired a number of golf
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resorts across the country
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in 1992 Trump hit the headlines for all
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the wrong reasons when his affair with a
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23 year old actress named Marla maples
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was exposed despite rumors Ivana refused
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to believe the truth until Marla
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followed the trumps on a skiing trip and
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confronted Ivana with the news that
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Donald was in love with her and that
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Ivana best give up on him this was too
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much for Ivana she filed for divorce
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leaving maples free to marry Donald
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which she did in 1993 they had one child
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together who they named Tiffany after
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the famous New York department store the
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marriage though it was rocky from the
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start and ended in divorce in 1999
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ironically the proceedings were
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instigated by Donald when he learned
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that his wife was having an affair
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Donald was then associated with a number
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of women in the early 2000s back in 1998
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he had met a Slovenian Beauty by the
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name of Melania canals over the next few
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years their relationship develops at the
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point where Melania became Donald’s
15:32
constant companion they were engaged in
15:34
2004 and married on January the 22nd
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2005 in Palm Beach Florida
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the couple’s only child Baron William
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Trump was born on March the 20th 2006 on
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October the 21st Trump hotels casinos
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and resorts restructured its debt
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resulting in Trump’s ownership of the
15:50
company dropping from 59 to 27% the
15:53
company applied for bankruptcy
15:55
re-emerged as Trump Entertainment
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Resorts
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Holdings Trump now put a premium on
15:59
pushing his brands with the Trump logo
16:01
being placed on all manner of products
16:03
even released his own game Donald
16:05
Trump’s real estate tycoon Trump’s
16:08
political views they’ve undergone a
16:09
metamorphosis over the years up until
16:11
1987 he was a Democrat however in that
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year he registered for the first time as
16:16
a Republican toying with the idea of
16:17
running for office he placed full-page
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ads in three papers espousing his views
16:21
which were that America needed to stop
16:24
propping up other countries and start
16:26
looking after its own people in October
16:28
of 1999 Trump established an exploratory
16:30
panel to assess the viability of his
16:32
running for the Reform party’s candidate
16:34
for presidential nominee in 2000 it was
16:36
decided that his lack of profile on the
16:38
West Coast would be too much of a
16:40
detriment this led him to pass on the
16:42
opportunity from that point onwards
16:44
however he bided his time and
16:46
increasingly made political comment for
16:48
public consumption
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[Music]
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in 2003 Trump ventured into the world of
16:57
reality television when he became the
16:59
executive producer and star of The
17:01
Apprentice the show in which contenders
17:03
go through a series of challenges to win
17:06
a job as Trump’s apprentice was a huge
17:08
success
17:09
it propelled Donald Trump to worldwide
17:11
recognition status and won in a star on
17:13
Hollywood’s Walk of Fame
17:14
Trump re-entered the political arena in
17:16
2001 when he raised questions about the
17:18
legitimacy of President Barack Obama’s
17:21
birth certificate he doggedly held to
17:23
this view
17:23
despite Obama’s insistence that he was
17:25
born on US soil he seriously considered
17:27
running for the top office again in 2012
17:30
but again decided that the time wasn’t
17:32
right then on June the 16th 2015 he
17:36
famously announced from Trump Plaza that
17:38
he would be throwing his hat into the
17:39
ring for the Republican nomination for
17:41
president in 2016
17:43
few people took him seriously but
17:45
serious he was and history will record
17:47
him for better or worse as the 45th
17:50
President of the United States so I
17:52
really hope you enjoyed that episode of
17:54
biographic if you did there’s a couple
17:56
of things you could do right now one is
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18:24
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